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Analysis of online health information seeking among HIV patients in Indonesia

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  1. Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta, Indonesia.
  2. Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta, Indonesia.


Indonesia ranks in the top three in Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics worldwide with modest achievement in disease management. Electronic health literacy (EHL) is increasingly considered an important predictor to promote positive health behavior (e.g., knowledge, treatment adherence) in patients with chronic diseases like HIV. This study aimed to evaluate the pattern of information seeking among HIV patients, the relationship between EHL, patients’ knowledge, and treatment adherence. Data were collected through a survey distributed to HIV patients during their regular monthly visits to two government-owned primary health centers in West Jakarta during August-September 2023. Spearman test was used to evaluate the relationship between EHL with patients’ knowledge and EHL with treatment adherence. There were 62 study patients, with the majority male (77.4%), of productive age, secondary school graduates (77.4%) and having occupations (82.2%). Websites of healthcare providers and social media accounted for the most common online sources navigated by patients. Patients had high scores on EHL (median = 25). The majority of them had a good level of HIV-related knowledge (91.9%) and low adherence to medications (66.1%). This study found no significant relationship between EHL and knowledge (correlation = 0.081, p=0.529) and medication adherence (correlation = -0.086, p=0.508). In conclusion, EHL is not a significant predictor for improving patients’ knowledge and medication adherence.

Keywords: Electronic health literacy, Medication adherence, Information seeking, Knowledge, HIV

How to cite this article:
Ramadaniati HU, Andayani N, Saputra A, Pratita RN. Analysis of online health information seeking among HIV patients in Indonesia. J Adv Pharm Educ Res. 2024;14(1):56-62. https://doi.org/10.51847/qHdLp3AkJz
Ramadaniati, H. U., Andayani, N., Saputra, A., & Pratita, R. N. (2024). Analysis of online health information seeking among HIV patients in Indonesia. Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education and Research, 14(1), 56-62. https://doi.org/10.51847/qHdLp3AkJz
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