Please know that we updated instruction for authors in 20/01/2021 and all the contributors need to follow the new instructions.
Instructions for Authors
Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education & Research [JAPER] is a research journal of Society of Pharmaceutical Education & Research and published by SPER Publications and Solutions Pvt. Ltd. It is an international journal published quarterly. Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education & Research [JAPER] is available in online version.
Submission of an Article
To reduce delays, authors should adhere to the level, length, and format of the journal at every stage of processing right from manuscript submission to each review stage. Editable word files are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.
- Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. Please submit your article via http://submission panel.
For queries with your submission, please contact the team via email:
Email Address: [email protected]
Contribution of Author
Credit of the authorship should be based on
Consequential inputs to the concept and design, procurement of data or analysis, and interpretation of data.
Preparing the article or revising it critically for an important matter.
Final confirmation of the adaptation to be published. These all three conditions must be met by authors. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or data or general supervision of the research group does not constitute authorship.
The author must include a proclamation mentioning each author's contribution. Please assure that this is discussed with your co-authors and compliance is reached before manuscript submission. Post-acceptance changes to the author list will not be permitted. The contribution statement is not included in the maximum word count.
- Letter to the Editor
- Original article
- Review article
- Case report
- Clinical trial
Letter to the Editor
A letter to the Editor is a brief report that is within the journal's scope and of particular interest to the community, but not suitable as a standard research article. It does not follow a format such as abstract, subheads, or acknowledgments. It is more feedback or the opinion of the reader on a particular article published and should reach the editor within 6 months of article publication. Letters should have a maximum of 1,500 words.
The research Articles report on primary research. They must describe significant and original observations. Consideration for publication is based on the article’s originality, novelty, and scientific soundness, and the appropriateness of its analysis. Research articles should follow all the criteria mentioned in the preparation of the manuscript section and have a maximum of 3,000 words (excluding references), a maximum of 50 references (70% of the references should be within the last 5 years), and 7 tables/figures together. Please use the journals-ready template for preparing your article.
Review Articles are considered reviews of research or summary articles. They are state-of-the-art papers covering a current topic by experts in the field. They should give evidence and provide answers to a well-defined aspect or question in a particular area. Introduction generally delivers the issue forward to the readers followed by analytical discussion with the help of imperative tables, graphs, pictures, and illustrations wherever necessary. It compiles the topic with a conclusion. All the statements or observations in the review articles must be based on necessary citations, providing complete reference at the end of the article. Review articles should have a maximum of 3,000 words, (excluding references), Maximum of 30 references (70% of the references should be within the last 5 years). Please use the journals-ready template for preparing your review article. Abstract, keywords, introduction, conclusion headers are necessary.
- Case studies are accepted to add further information related to the investigative research that advances in the field of Environmental Science.
- It should add value to the main content/article submitted, by providing key acumens about the core area.
- Cases reports follow original articles format with the headers of the Cases and Methods Section (That describes the nature of the clinical issue and the methodology adopt to address it), a discussion section that analyzes the case, and a Conclusion section that epitomizes the entire case.
- The case report should have a maximum of 1,000 words (excluding references), 10 references (70% of the references should be within the last 5 years), and 7 tables/figures together.
All clinical trials should be registered in a publicly available registry approved by the WHO or other organizations and the clinical trial number must be clearly stated in the manuscript.
At any stage of peer-review, publication, or post-publication, if plagiarism is detected the manuscript may be rejected, returned to the author for correction, or retracted.
We use a double-blind peer-review system where both the referee and author remain anonymous throughout the process. We aim to provide authors with timely and constructive feedback regarding their submitted manuscripts.
Preparation of Manuscript
- The preferred word processing program for manuscripts is Microsoft Word.
- Footnotes should be avoided.
- Abbreviations (except those well established in the field) should be explained when they are first used both in the abstract and in the main text.
- Units of measurement should be expressed in SI units wherever possible.
- All manuscripts must contain the essential elements, for example, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork, and Tables with Captions.
- Please ensure the figures and the tables are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom or the top of the file.
- Only papers written in English are considered.
- Articles are prepared in a one-column format. (Times New Roman,12, single-spaced)
- The document may contain a few short subheadings of no more than 40 characters each.
- By submitting an article for publication, the authors agree to the transfer of the copyright to the publisher upon acceptance.
- The author should make sure that the article submitted for review/publication is not under consideration elsewhere contemporaneously.
- The author has to mention a clear title of the article along with complete details of him/her and all the co-author’s professional/institutional affiliation, educational qualifications, and contact information.
- The Copyright form with original (hand-written) signatures is to be provided upon submitting the paper.
- Manuscripts may be accompanied by a cover letter to the Editor(s)-in-Chief. mentioning altogether the type of manuscript (e.g., Research article, Review articles, Case study, etc.) Unless invited on a special case, authors cannot and should not classify a particular manuscript as Editorials or Letters to the editor or concise communications.
- All submitted manuscripts must contain a conflict of interest and funding statements before the reference list.
- Studies involving humans and animals must have been performed with the approval of an appropriate ethics committee and provide the reference number where appropriate.
- Confirm that each individual named as an author fits the uniform requirements of the Journal criteria for authorship.
The first page should contain a short and concise title (8-16, Times New Roman 14) words plus a running title (20-42 characters, Times New Roman 12). Abbreviations should be avoided.
Below the title, list all the authors with their complete affiliations. Each listed author must have an affiliation, which comprises the department, university, or organization and its location, city, state/province (if applicable), and country.
Place the e-mail address of the corresponding author at the bottom of the first page.
A concise and factual unstructured abstract is required (150- 250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions.
4-6 keywords relevant to the article should be listed below the abstract.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
Contributions from anyone who does not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed, with permission from the contributor, in an Acknowledgments section.
Conflict of interest
Any interest, financial relationship, personal relationship, religious or political beliefs that might influence the objectivity of the author can be considered as a potential source of conflict of interest. All manuscripts submitted to the journal must include a conflict of the interest disclosure statement or a declaration by the authors that they do not have any conflicts of interest to declare.
Authors should list all funding sources and they are responsible for the accuracy of their funder designation.
Studies involving humans and animals must have been performed with the approval of an appropriate ethics committee and provide the reference number.
Please submit math equations as editable text and not as images and numbers consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the
- Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Number tables consecutively following their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
- Ensure that all figures have a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. Please make sure that figure files are in TIFF or JPEG format (300 dpi).
Mention all the tables and figures in the text as follows:
(Table 1), (Figure 1)
The references should be listed on a separate sheet and should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text. Cite in the text by the appropriate Arabic number e.g. 1, 2, 3, and the numbers should be in the brackets. e.g , [1,3], [5-8], [5,6,12]
Article with 1 to 6 authors
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Title of article. Abbreviated title of the journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD; volume number (issue number): page numbers.
Petitti DB, Crooks VC, Buckwalter JG, Chiu V. Blood pressure levels before dementia. Arch Neurol. 2005 Jan;62(1):112-6.
Article with more than 6 authors
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF, et al. Title of article. Abbreviated title of the journal. Date of publication YYYY Mon DD;volume number(issue number):page numbers.
e.g. Hallal AH, Amortegui JD, Jeroukhimov IM, Casillas J, Schulman CI, Manning RJ, et al. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography accurately detects common bile duct stones in resolving gallstone pancreatitis. J Am Coll Surg. 2005 Jun;200(6):869-75.
Electronic journal articles
Electronic journal article
Author AA, Author BB. Title of article. Abbreviated title of Journal [Internet]. Date of publication YYYY MM [cited YYYY Mon DD];volume number(issue number):page numbers. Available from: URL
Stockhausen L, Turale S. An explorative study of Australian nursing scholars and contemporary scholarship. J Nurs Scholarsh [Internet]. 2011 Mar [cited 2013 Feb 19];43(1):89-96. Available from: http://search.proquest.com/docview/ 858241255
Electronic journal article with DOI
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF. Title of article.
Abbreviated title of Journal [Internet]. Year of publication [cited YYYY Mon
DD]; volume number(issue number):page numbers. Available from: URL DOI
Kanneganti P, Harris JD, Brophy RH, Carey JL, Lattermann C, Flanigan DC. The effect of smoking on ligament and cartilage surgery in the knee: a systematic review. Am J Sports Med [Internet]. 2012 Dec [cited 2013 Feb 19];40(12):2872-8. Available from:
http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/40/12/2872 DOI: 10.1177/0363546512458223
Author(s). Title of paper. In: Editor A, Editor B, Editors. Title of Published Proceedings: Proceedings of the Title of Conference: subtitle of Conference; Year Month Date of Conference; Location of Conference. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of Publication. p. inclusive page numbers.
Luca J, Tarricone P. Does emotional intelligence affect successful teamwork? In: Kennedy G, Keppell M, McNaught C, et al, eds. Meeting at the Cossroads: Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education, 2001 Dec 9-12; Melbourne: Biomedical Multimedia Unit, The University of Melbourne; 2001. p.367-76.
Author(s). Title of paper. In: Proceedings of the Title of Conference: subtitle of Conference [conference proceedings on the Internet]; Year Month Date; Location. Place of publication: Publisher; Year. Available from: Database Name.
Cloherty SL, Dokos S, Lovell NH. Qualitative support for the gradient model of cardiac pacemaker heterogeneity. In: Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 27 Annual Conference [conference proceedings on the Internet]; 2005 Sep 1-4; Shanghai, China. New York: IEEE; 2005 [cited 2013 Sep 2]. p. 133-6. Available from: IEEE Xplore
Books and book chapters
Author AA. Title of book. # edition [if not first]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Pagination.
Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2009. 541 p.
Author AA. Title of web page [Internet]. Place of Publication: Sponsor of
Website/Publisher; Year published [cited YYYY Mon DD]. Number of pages. Available from: URL DOI: (if available)
Shreeve DF. Reactive attachment disorder: a case-based approach [Internet]. New York: Springer; 2012 [cited 2012 Nov 2]. 85 p. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1647-0
Government and other reports
Author AA, Author BB. Title of report. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Total number of pages. Report No.:
Rowe IL, Carson NE. Medical manpower in Victoria. East Bentleigh (AU): Monash University, Department of Community Practice; 1981. 35 p. Report No.: 4.
Name(s) of inventor(s). Assignee. patent title. Country or region of patent. Patent number. Date of patent.
Clarke J, Pines A, McDermott RF, Trabesinger AH, inventors. University of California, assignee. SQUID detected NMR and MRI at ultralow fields. European Patent 1474707. 2004-11-10.
Dictionaries and encyclopedias
Article from online reference work
Title of encyclopedia [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; year. Title of article; [updated YYYY Mon DD; cited YYYY Mon DD]; [# of pages/screens]. Available from: URL
A.D.A.M. medical encyclopedia [Internet]. Atlanta (GA): A.D.A.M., Inc.; c2005. Ear barotrauma; [updated 2006 Oct 20; cited 2006 Nov 16]; [about 4 screens]. Available
Article from electronic drug guide
Title of work [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher/Website; year. Name of drug: [revision/review date; cited YYY Mon DD]; [# of pages/screens]. Available from: URL
AHFS consumer medication information [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc.; ©2008. Protriptyline; [revised 2007 Aug 1; reviewed 2007 Aug 1; cited 2008 Oct 2]; [about 5 p.]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a604025.html
From the Internet
part of website
Author/organization’s name. Title of the page [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher's name; Date or year of publication [updated yr month day; cited yr month day]. Available from: URL
Diabetes Australia. Diabetes globally [Internet]. Canberra ACT: Diabetes Australia; 2012 [updated 2012 June 15; cited 2012 Nov 5]. Available from: http://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/en/ Understanding-Diabetes/Diabetes-
Title of the homepage [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher's name; Date or year of publication. Title of specific page/part; Date of publication of part [Date cited of part]; [location or pagination of part]. Available from: URL
Australian Medical Association [Internet]. Barton ACT: AMA; c1995-2012. Junior doctors and medical students call for urgent solution to medical training crisis; 2012 Oct 22 [cited 2012 Nov 5]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://ama.com.au/media/junior-doctors -and-medical-students-call-urgentsolution-medical-training-crisis
Image from web
Note: If the title of the image is not shown construct a title that describes the image shown. Use enough words to make the constructed title meaningful. Place the constructed title in square brackets.
Author or organization. Title [image on Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher's name; date of publication [date cited]. Available from: URL
Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. Shingles on the face. [image on Internet]. 2011 [updated 2011 Jan 10; cited 2012 Nov 6]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/shingles/about/photos.html
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