Health care system in the USSR (through the example of the Kirov region
Using the example of the Kirov Region, the Soviet health care in 1920–1930s was analyzed. The structure of health care covering all areas of the population’s life and forming all constituents of traditional medicine was shown. The territorial and administrative organization of the health care system was considered, and the main stages of its development were identified. The impact of the Bolsheviks’ power formation on the principles of the state’s social policy was considered. The statistics of medical care in various industries were given. The interrelation between the provision of the population with medical services and the priorities of the state economic policy were determined. An obvious gap was revealed between the medical care of the rural and urban population, in favor of the latter. It was noted that this phenomenon was due to the general line of the Soviet leadership when the village was a supplier of agricultural products and labor rather than an object of investments. It was shown that in the context of growth rates of industrial development, the medical support system was incorporated into the structure of industrial production and became its integral part. The ideological nature of the social state policy was analyzed. The party basis of the organization and functioning of medical care was described.
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