Transdisciplinary integration through the study of the history of medicine
The article discusses the meaning, forms, place, and features of the subject "History of Medicine" when studying at a medical university and analyses the role of the historical approach to natural science and medicine in the formation of basic pre-professional competencies while implementing higher medical education. The subject reflects the historical development of medicine and the professional paths of the most prominent scientists in natural and medical sciences, studying which helps students to define their professional future more clearly, avoiding the deep disappointment of spontaneous and erroneous self-determination.
The course "History of Medicine" allows the successful formation of interdisciplinary ties linking the subjects of humanitarian and natural science to those of clinical fields. This contributes to the development of students' self-educational competence and a holistic view of their future professional activity. Studying "History of Medicine" allows comprehensive examination of science, generates awareness of the existence of different points of view on the same problem, which promotes students’ fundamental understanding of the development of human thought. Thus, the subject facilitates the development of intellectual and behavioral flexibility in young people, forms interaction skills and critical thinking, as well as reveals the role and significance of experimental research.
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