Traces of childhood exploitation: A comprehensive study on the forms of child labour in Iran
Using a qualitative method, this research studies these various forms and aspects of child labour in the city of Tehran. The study was conducted using grounded theory, and, for data collection, various forms of interviewing and observation techniques were used according to theoretical, snowballing, and purposive sampling methods. The study population consists of three groups of children, their employers and field experts. The findings indicate that working children in Tehran are exploited in various, including the worst, forms of work. These forms of work are divided into three categories: kinship, employer-based, and large organisations. The main settings for child labour include the development gap throughout the country, family poverty, the prevalent attitudes in some communities on children and child labour, the informal labour market, and some aspects of legal and law-enforcement settings. Also, work damages children’s physical and mental health and disrupt their effective socialisation processes.
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