Studying the Airborne Fungi of some rooms in the internal sections of Mosul university campus and the Possibility of using Sage plants to control it
The purpose of this research was to determine the antifungal activity of sage plant (Salvia officinalis L.) alcoholic extract at varying concentrations (5, 10, 15 and 20 mg/ml) against a group of airborne fungus in vitro as a natural fungicide, which were isolated from indoor and chambers of Mosel University (Alternaria, Acremonium, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Drechslera, Fusarium, Nigrospora sphaerica, Penicillium, Rhizopus , Stemphylium, Tetreacoccosporium , Yeast). Most of the fungi found in most rooms belonged to the genus, Aspergillus, Penicillium,Cladosporium and Alternaria. These fungus have been considered to be harmful fungi for humans, as they can cause allergies, dyspepsia, eye infections, skin injuries, and chronic bronchitis, elc. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of alcoholic extract against Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus niger and penicillium sp were 88, 76, 88% at the concentration of 20mg/ml compared with antifungal Ketoconazol which were 100%,73% and 92% for the fungi Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus niger and penicillium sp; respectively at the concentration of 1.5 mg/ml. Based on the current results, alcoholic extract of Salvia officinalis exhibited good antifungal activity, and can potentially be a natural replacement of synthetic fungicides to control a number of significant fungal diseases.
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