Reference indicators for kidney dimensions in Sudanese children using Ultrasound
A change in renal length may be evidence of many renal diseases. This descriptive cross-sectional study aims to establish the age, height, weight, BMI, and kidney dimensions in apparently healthy Sudanese children using Ultrasound. 141 Sudanese children living in Khartoum state who had no symptoms of kidney disease were included in this study in the period from March to June 2021. Ultrasound scans were performed by an experienced sonographer, using a high-resolution real-time US scanner (CHISON 600M 2012 version) with a 3.5-5 MHz curvilinear transducer. While thickness and width were measured in the transverse section, the longitudinal measurements were obtained from the coronal section. The study revealed that the mean measurements of the right kidney were 7.29±1.17 cm, and 3.92±.85 cm, and 3.23±.64 cm for length, width, and anteroposterior diameter, respectively, and the mean measurements for the LK were 7.48±1.17 cm, and 4.07±.95 cm, and 3.23±.66 cm, for length, width, and anteroposterior diameter respectively. According to gender, there was no discernible variation in renal length, while there was a significant correlation between them (P= 0.00). The current study also found a strong relationship between age and kidney weight for both sides (P= 0.00). and other significant relations between the age, height, and weight of participants, and their kidney lengths (P=0.01). Assessing the growth pattern of the kidneys in children can help to reduce the misdiagnosis of many diseases for them and can initiate a reference value or database for Sudanese children.
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