Quality of work-life and its relationship with personality traits among nursing staff: Descriptive correlational study
The Quality of work-life (QWL) of nurses is an essential factor affecting the care quality provided to patients and also, nurse recruitment and retention. This study aimed to examine the associations between QWL and personality traits among hospital nurses in Iran. The Brooks’ QWL Scale and Neuroticism, Openness Five‑Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), Extraversion were administered to 198 nurses from May to July 2018 at Tabriz teaching hospitals. The data were analyzed using the STATA 13.0 statistical program by Pearson's correlation, independent t-test one-way ANOVA, and descriptive statistics. The mean score of QWL was 160.46 ± 16.59, and it had significant positive correlations with the total scores of personality traits and its extraversion and dimensions of conscientiousness. The total mean scores of QWL were significantly different among the participants with different gender, economic status, the status of employment, educational level, working shifts, and Affiliated wards. Still, they had no significant relationship with marital status. Nurses with extraversion and conscientiousness personality traits are expected to have a better feeling about their job and the work environment, and therefore have higher levels of QWL. Given the correlation between QWL and personality traits, they should be taken into account to recruit new nursing staff.
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