Parenting stress and social support in mothers of children with disability in Ardabil, 2020
A disabled child causes parenting stress, especially for the mother. Social support is effective to reduce parenting stress. This study determined the relationship between parenting stress and social support in mothers covered by Ardabil Welfare Organization. This is a descriptive-correlational study conducted by census method on 154 mothers. Data collection tools included demographic and social characteristics questionnaire, Parenting Stress Questionnaire (P.S.I-SF), and Sarason Social Support Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software using descriptive and analytical statistics. The total score of parenting stress in mothers of children with disability was less than the criterion score (108), but the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.9). Parenting stress score of mothers with autistic children was higher than other disorder groups (126.05±22.28) and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.01). The total social support score was 111.08±29.55 and the highest score obtained by mothers of children with down syndrome. Social network size components with the beta of -0.37(p=0.001, t=28.99, B=-0.37) and, satisfaction with social support with the beta of -0.36 (p=0.001, t=17.43, B=-0.36) had the highest and lowest contribution to predicting parenting stress in the mothers, respectively. The mothers with higher scores on social network size had lower scores of parenting stress. The total score of parenting stress in mothers was desirable. The parenting stress in the mothers of children with different disabilities was not identical and, the highest rate was associated with the mothers of autistic children and, there was a significant inverse relationship between social support and parenting stress.
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