Historical aspects and features of deontology in preventive medicine
This article examines the role of medical deontology in preserving public health. The main purpose of any doctor’s professional activity is to prevent diseases and restore health to preserve lives as well as to reduce the suffering of patients from incurable diseases. Nowadays the world medical and pharmaceutical communities note a huge interest in the problems of modern bioethics. Therefore, European conferences and world congresses were held on the most pressing problems in America and most European countries, national bioethics committees were created in France and the USA with the participation of the presidents of these countries. Most international organizations, including the World Health Organization, UNESCO, the Council of Europe, and the World Medical Association, have established commissions and committees to address the problem. Many countries around the world have a network of linked medical ethics committees which include central, regional, and local organizations. The main purpose of this study is to substantiate the features of deontological aspects in the practical work of doctors in the field of disease prevention. The article suggests that an increase in the importance of the preventive direction in medicine and strengthening the control of medicine in the formation of a healthy environment and a healthy lifestyle can change the efficiency of modern medicine.
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