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Health care system in the USSR (through the example of the Kirov ‎region


Zemfira V. Gallyamova, Vera E. Batyukova, Veronika Y. ‎Malakhova, Elena V.Fomenko3

Abstract

Using the example of the Kirov Region, the Soviet health care in 1920–1930s was analyzed. ‎The structure of health care covering all areas of the population’s life and forming all ‎constituents of traditional medicine was shown. The territorial and administrative ‎organization of the health care system was considered, and the main stages of its ‎development were identified. The impact of the Bolsheviks’ power formation on the ‎principles of the state’s social policy was considered. The statistics of medical care in ‎various industries were given. The interrelation between the provision of the population ‎with medical services and the priorities of the state economic policy were determined. An ‎obvious gap was revealed between the medical care of the rural and urban population, in ‎favor of the latter. It was noted that this phenomenon was due to the general line of the ‎Soviet leadership when the village was a supplier of agricultural products and labor rather ‎than an object of investments. It was shown that in the context of growth rates of industrial ‎development, the medical support system was incorporated into the structure of industrial ‎production and became its integral part. The ideological nature of the social state policy was ‎analyzed. The party basis of the organization and functioning of medical care was described‎‎‎.




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