Estimation of renal failure in hemodialysis patients using ultrasound
This study aims to emphasize the value of the ultrasound technique in estimating and evaluating characterization features of renal failure among Sudanese patients to increase public awareness of renal failure and its consequences. Material and Ninety-six Sudanese hemodialysis participants were diagnosed having renal failure disease and being evaluated from April to Sep 2020, and followed up by Ultrasound. The inclusion criteria were retrieved and patients having other renal pathologies or patients less than 20 years old were excluded. Gender distribution revealed that males were being affected slightly more than females (52.1%), with a male: female ratio of (1.1). The age group (20-30) years had the higher prevalence with (24 %). (65.6%) of the obtained sample were married. Clinical etiology achieved that (42.7%) had hypertension followed by (33.3%) had diabetes. (83.3%) had chronic end-stage renal failure. Regarding sonographic estimations; (55.2%) had normal kidney size, outline, and parenchymal echogenicity during an ultrasound, while (51%) had increased parenchymal echogenicity and (57.3%) had poor corticomedullary differentiation. The study proved that ultrasound is accurate in detecting and estimating the characterization of renal failure. Also, the study emphasizes the importance of regular follow-up of patients in hemodialysis by ultrasound technique to assess their condition and improve the way of treatment.
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