Drug-related problems in elderly patients with diabetes: A study in primary health care setting
This study's aim was to investigate the prevalence of drug-related problems (DRPs) in the treatment of elderly patients with type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) in a primary care environment. This study used cross-sectional, non-experimental research methods. The sampling method included total sampling with 90 medical records of elderly patients with T2DM at one of Yogyakarta's key healthcare facilities in the 2018 period. This study's classification of DRPs was based on PCNE V5.01. The American Diabetes Association (ADA), JNC 8, Beers Criteria, STOPP/START Criteria, Geriatric Dosage Handbook, Indonesian Endocrinology Association 2015, Indonesian Endocrinology Association 2019, and Drug Interaction Fact 2009 were used to analyze the data. Descriptive data were supplied. According to the findings, 263 DRP episodes occurred in 70 patients, or 77.78%, of the 90 patients who were evaluated. The category of adverse drug reactions saw 2 incidences (0.76%), the category of drug choice problems saw 118 incidences (44.87%), the category of dosing problems saw 41 incidences (15.59%), the category of drug use problems saw 3 incidences (1.14%), and the category of drug interactions saw 99 incidences (37.64%). The result implies that type 2 DM treatment for senior individuals needs to take into account the possibility of DRP incidence. To increase the safety of treating the elderly, health professionals must pay greater attention.
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