Assessment of the impact of different rheumatoid arthritis stages on the quality of life of a sample of Iraqi patients
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic disease affecting joints, muscles, eyes, and nerves, accompanied by pain and deformity of bones that lead to reduced quality of life of rheumatoid arthritis patients in many aspects. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess patients' quality of life with rheumatoid arthritis. Eighty patients who fulfilled the disease's diagnostic criteria were included in this study between August 2019 and February 2020. The study is based on interviews with 80 patients with established rheumatoid arthritis enrolled in two hospitals in Baghdad. Quality of life of patients assessed by (the WHO-BREEF) questionnaire. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis perceived reduced quality of life in several domains, such as physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment, consequently, compared with the healthy. The results showed of all domains, the environment was primarily affected (the lowest score ranged from 28.95 in mild cases to 41.89 in severe cases), followed by physical health scores ranging from 58.95 to 62.48. In contrast, domains 2 (psychological health) and 3 (social relationship) showed comparable scores. In conclusion, rheumatoid arthritis patients in this study perceived lower quality of life in physical and environmental aspects with better improvements in social and psychological health scores. In addition, morning stiffness considers a significant factor affecting Q.O.L. in those patients.
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