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An evidence-based decision analysis approach on tooth discoloration

Aishwarya Ranganath , Iffat Nasim


The present study is aimed at providing a summary regarding the causes, diagnosis, and various dental treatments for tooth discoloration. In accordance with the available literature, the study also investigates if the mechanism behind discolorations affects the outcome of a treatment, or influences the treatment options, also about the esthetic outcome of a bleaching treatment on the different classified discolorations. In case, a change is occurred in the tooth structure, it will probably cause modification in the outward appearance of the tooth based on the changes of its light transmitting and reflecting properties. Tooth discolorations which are related to clinical and esthetical challenges, have an impact on a person’s self-image and self-confidence in today’s society, wheremost people place tooth color high. Most of the discolorations if mild are treated by bleaching, if moderate or extensive is managed by veneers - Lumineers being the newly introduced system. As dentists, the appropriate knowledge can help the patients with a correct diagnosis and the choice of the most conservative treatment plan with an esthetic outcome that is acceptable to the patient and the dental practitioner.

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