Ultrasonographic changes of abdominal subcutaneous fat after different noninvasive treatment methods in women with central obesity
Background: Central obesity is a common associating problem in obese women, which leads to various diseases as it is related to a higher risk of hypertension, insulin resistance, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Objective: To determine the efficacy of cryolipolysis on abdominal subcutaneous fat in women with central obesity. Material and Methods: Sixty women with central obesity with the age ranged from 35-45 participated in this study at Radio and TV Union Medical Care. They were randomly assigned into three equal groups: Group (I) consisted of 20 women who received low caloric diet (around 1200 kcal) and cryolipolysis therapy. Group (II) consisted of 20 women who received low caloric diet (around 1200 kcal) and abdominal exercises. Group (III) consisted of 20 women who received low caloric diet (around 1200 kcal) with cryolipolysis therapy and abdominal exercises. The study period was 12 weeks. Waist circumference (WC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), body weight, body mass index, and ultrasonographic changes of abdominal subcutaneous fat were evaluated before and after the study. Results: There was a significant decrease in waist circumference, body weight, waist-hip ratio, body mass index, and abdominal fat thickness in all three groups. On comparing the results of the groups after treatment, there were significant differences in abdominal fat thickness, WHR, and WC between groups (I) and (II). Moreover, there were significant differences in WC, WHR, and abdominal fat thickness between groups III and I; and finally, there were significant differences in WC, WHR, and abdominal fat thickness between groups III and II. Conclusion: It can be concluded from the results of this study that cryolipolysis was more effective in reducing abdominal adiposity when applied along with abdominal exercises and diet control in women compared to when it was used alone.
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