Dermatoglyphics: A tool in dentistry
Dermatoglyphics is focused on studying the fine patterned dermal ridges on volar surfaces of soles, palms, and ridges. The volar pads are mound-shaped elevations on each finger above the proximal end of the distal metacarpal bone. Most dermatoglyphics which are correlated with genetic abnormalities, are used in biomedical studies. This study aims to systematically review and to assess the correlation between dermatoglyphics and orofacial disease in human population. An electronic search was initiated in the PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar databases about the articles discussing the relationship between dermatoglyphics and orofacial diseases using specific keyword search terms. A PIO analysis was done to identify the articles. The search methodology yielded and was excluded and included. 32 articles were generated among which 9 articles were excluded and 23 articles were included finally to discuss the relationship between orofacial disorders and dermatoglyphics. Out of the 23 articles, 5 were research articles and 18 review articles. Extraction of data revealed a positive correlation between dermatoglyphics and orofacial disorders. Dermatoglyphics can be used as a predictive model to diagnose orofacial disease conditions.
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