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Risk factors of Lung Cancer in Indonesia: a qualitative study


Mally Ghinan Sholih1 , Dyah Aryani Perwitasari , Rini Hendriani , Hardyana Sukandar , Melisa Intan Barliana and et al

Abstract

Lung cancer management has to be committed systematically starting from prevention, early detection, and treatment. Lung cancer prevention can be carried out by minimizing lung cancer risk factors through providing education about them. Using a descriptive design, this study utilized the descriptions of lung cancer risk factors by the respondents of H. A. Rotinsulu Bandung Lung Hospital who had been diagnosed with lung cancer. The collected data were primary data taken by interviewing 30 lung cancer patients as respondents at the inpatient wards of H. A. Rotinsulu Bandung Lung Hospital. The number of respondents was taken based on the level of data saturation.  When the obtained data from the interviews were the same, or the same answers recurred, data retrieval was stopped. The data were collected by the triangulation technique. The data obtained then underwent collection, reduction, category and theme determination. The results showed the description of symptoms, risk factors, and levels (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) of the respondents. From the study, it was found that the main risk factors for lung cancer were: cigarettes, air pollution, unhealthy foods, chemical substances, occupation, family history of cancer, lack of physical activities, alcohol consumption, and the patients’ history of lung disease. This study concluded that the most common lung cancer risk factors were smoking and exposure to the air pollution.



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