Nanoparticles in endodontics – A review
Nanodentistry implies the application of nanomaterial and dental nanorobots toward diagnosis and treatment, with the goal of improving comprehensive oral health. In the field of endodontics, the development of nanomaterials is focused on steps that would improve antimicrobial efficacy. The current study undertakes review to assess the effectiveness of different nanoparticles irrigation systems is to improve the antibiofilm efficacy in root canal. Application of nanoparticles in the form of solution for irrigation, medication, and as an additive for sealer/restorative material has been evaluated to primarily improve the antibiofilm efficacy in root canal; in addition, the functionalized nanoparticles can provide better antibacterial effect. Nanoparticles-based treatment strategies have the potential to improve antibacterial/antibiofilm efficacy in endodontics. Thus, the increasing interest in this field warrants sound research based on scientific and clinical collaborations to emphasize the future potential of nanoparticles in clinical endodontics.
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