Effect of health promotion intervention on Nurses’ healthy lifestyle and health-promoting behaviors: RCT study
Objectives: Health promoting behaviors (HPBs) are major criteria in determining lifestyle. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of health promotion interventions (HPI) on health-promoting behaviors of nurses. Methods: In this experimental study was conducted in 2016. A total of 80 nurses were randomly selected and divided into two groups of experimental and control. The data was collected using the demographic questionnaire, the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II), the General Self-Efficacy Scale of Schwartz, the Standard Self-Esteem Scale of Rosenberg, and the Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS) of Tangney. After collecting and analyzing the collected data, the HPI was designed and conducted in 6 sessions for the experimental group. A month and a half after the intervention, the data for both groups were collected and analyzed using SPSS VER 20. Results: Before the HPI, health promoting behaviors, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and self-control had no significant difference between the two groups. After the intervention, the mean scores of health promoting behaviors (p<0.001), self-efficacy (p<0.001), and self-esteem (p<0.001) showed a significant difference between the two groups, but self-control score was not significant (p>0.05). Conclusion: HPI changed HPBs in the nurses, and changes in HPBs will lead to a change in lifestyle. Therefore, it is recommended to use HPI as a comprehensive program to improve and modify lifestyle.
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